[ RISALAH AL- HIKMAH: ANGINA ]
Have you ever heard about the angina? Sometime the people said that is a disease but actually it is a symptom of underlying heart problem, usually coronary heart disease. Coronary is one of the important of anatomical to supply the oxygen rich in blood for heart as a nutrient and etc. The usually happens when one or more coronory blocked or narrow, also called ischemia. When the heart didn’t get the enough supply of blood, so it will disturb the fuctional and anatomical of heart.
Angina has many types. Knowing the types and differents is important especially for the treatment.
Underlying the risk factors
If somebody at risk of heart disease or coronary, he will possibility at risk of angina.The Major causes of coronary heart disease:
· Unhealthy diet
· Older age (The risk increases for men after 45 years of age and for women after 55 years of age.)
· Family history of early heart disease
Diagnosis of Angina
All chest pain should be checked out by a healthcare provider. If you have chest pain, your doctor will want to find out whether it's angina and if it is, whether the angina is stable or unstable. If it's unstable, you may need emergency medical treatment to try to prevent a heart attack.
Your doctor will most likely perform a physical exam, ask about your symptoms, and ask about your risk factors for and your family history of heart disease and other cardiovascular conditions.
Talk to Your Doctor
Your doctor will probably ask you a series of questions to rule out the most critical or life-threatening possibilities. Think ahead so you can provide as much information as possible. Here are some questions you might be asked:
· How long have you had this condition?
· On a scale of 1 (mild) to 10 (critical), what is your level of discomfort?
· What behavior(s) provoke the pain? Physical activity? Eating?
· What relieves the discomfort?
Treatment of angina includes:
These treatments will help reduce pain and discomfort and how often the angina pain occurs. They will also prevent or lower your risk for heart attack and death by treating whatever underlying cardiovascular condition you may have.Not all chest pain is a sign of heart disease.
1.Chest discomfort at center of chest last more than a few minutes
2.Shortness of breath
3.Discomfort area of upper body
UNIT KHAS SAINS KESIHATAN
UNIT PENDIDIKAN DAN PENGETAHUAN
BADAN KEBAJIKAN ANAK WILAYAH PERSEKUTUAN MESIR (BKAWM) SESI 2015/2016